Asthma is one of the most common childhood illnesses, affecting about 6.2 million young Americans. Treatment for asthma can minimize uncomfortable symptoms, allowing your child to participate in sports and other activities they love. At Fayrouz Pediatrics, with two convenient locations in Paterson and Clifton, New Jersey, board-certified pediatrician Hisham Gadalla, MD, and his caring team work with children and teens to diagnose and treat asthma. To schedule an appointment, call the nearest office or book online today.
Asthma is a chronic condition that causes your airways to narrow, swell, and produce extra mucus. When combined, these factors trigger respiratory symptoms, including coughing, wheezing, and gasping for air.
For some people, asthma causes minor irritation, making it difficult to walk the dog or climb a flight of stairs. For others, it interferes with everyday activities and can trigger a life-threatening respiratory attack.
The symptoms of asthma vary and depend on the condition’s severity. Some children experience infrequent asthma attacks, while others struggle with respiratory issues on a daily basis.
Telltale signs of asthma include:
Many children with asthma experience more severe symptoms during physical activity. This is particularly true if your child plays sports like soccer, basketball, or football.
Asthma affects children and young adults of all ages, races, and genders. However, several factors can increase your child’s risk, including being overweight, being exposed to secondhand smoke, or having another allergic condition like atopic dermatitis.
Family history also plays a role. If you or your partner has a history of asthma, your child is more likely to have it.
To diagnose asthma, the team at Fayrouz Pediatrics conducts a physical exam. They ask you questions about your child’s symptoms to rule out other possible conditions, like a respiratory infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Next, your child’s pediatrician tests their lung function. Depending on your child’s symptoms and medical history, this might include spirometry or a peak flow test.
Spirometry measures the narrowing of your child’s bronchial tubes. It tests how much air your child exhales after a deep breath and how quickly they breathe out.
A peak flow test measures how hard your child exhales. If your child has a lower than average peak flow reading, it indicates that their lungs aren’t working as well as they should.
At Fayrouz Pediatrics, the team treats asthma using a combination of healthy lifestyle changes, oral medication, and quick-relief inhalers. If your child can identify their asthma triggers, it’s much easier to prevent attacks.
There are several types of oral medications used to treat asthma, including leukotriene modifiers, theophylline, and corticosteroids. Quick-relief inhalers provide rapid, short-term relief during an asthma attack. They can also benefit your child during physical activity or exercise.
For effective asthma treatment for your child, schedule an appointment at Fayrouz Pediatrics by phone or online today.